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Laparoscopic Surgery Unit

What is laparoscopic surgery?

"Laparoscopy" means examination of the abdomen with a scope, which is also known as an Endoscope. Also known as key-hole surgery and laser surgery.

With traditional or 'open' surgery, the surgeon must make a cut that exposes the area of the body to be operated on. Laparoscopy eliminates the need for a large cut. Instead, the surgeon uses a laparoscope, a thin telescope-like instrument that provides interior views of the body.

During laparoscopic surgery, a small 1/2 inch cut is made in the skin at the belly button. Then a cannula (thin tube) is introduced in between the muscle fibers’ without cutting any of the muscle. Through the cannula, the laparoscope is inserted into the patient's body.

It is equipped with a camera and light source that allow it to send images through a fiber-optic cord to a television monitor. The television monitor shows a high resolution magnified image. Watching the monitor, the surgeon can perform the procedure. While looking inside the patient, more cannulas are put in depending upon the procedure e.g. one more for a diagnostic laparoscopy, two more for groin hernia repairs and three more for a laparoscopic gall bladder operation. Instruments are introduced through the cannulas and the operation is performed exactly as one would have done the same procedure at an open operation. All fundamentals of surgery are strictly followed during laparoscopic surgery.

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